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Aurora over Finnish Lapland New Years Eve
Original size = 2048x1365 pixels
Posted on reddit by Eddynstain
Northern lights Lappland 31 Dec 16

A crack in the Earth's magnetic field over the weekend
(not uncommon around the Equinox) allowed the Solar Wind to
pour in over Norway. The result? A fantastic display of the
Northern Lights, that look like it's almost flowing to the ground!
Very cool. ( This image is from
Greenlander Tromsø. Check them out...great stuff!
Credit = Tony Pann, Meteorologist at WBAL-TV

This image is also from Greenlander Tromsø.


US National Weather Service Rapid City South Dakota asks:
Did you know that the NWS has a whole host of fun online
resources about all-things weather? Now you can learn about
the weather from home! From COMET's MetEd video modules
to our online school JetStream, this site has it all.
Check it out at


Calculate Windchill Temperature from Webmath is a fast way to work out windchill. "This page will tell you how cold it feels outside, based on the fact that the wind is blowing (and makes it feel colder that it actually is.)"


Climate Science from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program. "...the goal of the Education and Outreach Program is to develop basic science awareness and increase critical thinking skills focusing on environmental science and climate change for K-12 students." All kinds of science-based kid activities are here.


Dew Point Calculator "Use this calculator to explore various combinations of temperature, RH, and dew point." What's dew point? "The dew point temperature is the temperature at which the air can no longer 'hold' all of the water vapor which is mixed with it, and some of the water vapor must condense into liquid water." (from Weather


Earth: A Global Wind Map Quoting Daily Kos: " ... a new graphical development called the Earth Wind Map has set a new standard for combining fascinating imagery with (near) real-time wind information. Check it out and we think you'll agree that the 'wow' factor is off the chart...

...the interactive map allows users to monitor wind patterns virtually anywhere on earth. The Google Earth-style display lets you adjust the globe's image to pinpoint any spot on the planet. Data is updated every three hours.

While flow patterns indicate wind direction — almost hypnotically — all over the planet, a subtle color scheme indicates wind strength, with gentle breezes represented by thin green lines, stronger winds by bright yellow, and extreme winds by red."

The Effects of Global Warming in Alaska

In this media-rich lesson, students learn how global warming
is changing the Alaskan environment and examine the
consequences of climate change on the region's human and
wildlife inhabitants.
Lesson Plan Grades: 6-13+
Collection: Alaska Native Perspectives on Earth and Climate


New Site
Seasons This great Australian site is one small part of a bigger
internet education complex called Scootle.
Seasons is designed to teach middle schoolers and up about the
interactions among orbits, axis tilt, rotations, and sunlight.
Students manipulate orbits, tilt, rotations, daylight, etc. to make


Haboob, or giant windy sandstormHaboobs, or giant windy sandstorms.
These monsters happen worldwide in
desert areas. The American Southwest
gets quite a few. Yes, "haboob" is an
Arabic word - like "coffee", "sofa",
"algebra", "apricot", "alcohol", "average", "borax",
"Aldebaran" ( the star), "alligator", "candy", "chemistry",
"sugar", "tuna", "zero", and many more.


Here are some sites with more information:

  • Haboobs: The weather phenomena with an unusual name is no joke
  • What is a Haboob? from
  • Thunderstorm Winds and Dust Storms
  • Washington-Idaho Haboob Blankets Spokane
  • Arizona monsoon: What is a haboob?
  • Driving into an Arizona Haboob
    (pull off the road and wait it out)

    JetStream - An Online School for Weather
    Welcome to JetStream, the NWS Online Weather School.
    This site is designed to help educators, emergency
    managers, or anyone interested in learning about
    weather and weather safety. Jetstream Topics has
    15 links that cover everything weather plus an
    Appendix for even more! Includes a glossary,
    quizzes, and lesson plans.


    Hailstones and hailstorms


    Here's a Wikipedia photo of a hail shaft!
    It's the white column coming down from the storm cell.
    Get caught under one of these and there'll be hail to pay!



    Here's a Wikipedia photo of storm clouds showing
    the infamous greenish color that means there is hail inside.



    Click the link for a bigger photo of this world record hailstone.
    World Record Hailstone



    How Does Hail Form? Scientist explains how on this YouTube video.


    Examine an animation of hail forming. From ClassZone.


    Hail stones photo from Science Kids, a New Zealand site that's world class.


    Giant Hail Breaking Windshield (June 10, 2010 Last Chance, Colorado)
    is the title of this YouTube video. Four minutes of guys driving while
    hailstones smash their car! For sure this will bring home what it's like
    to be in an extreme hail storm.
    Yes there really is (or was) a Last Chance, Colorado.


    Here are two graphics and another photo:

    Cross section of hail cloud

    Another simplers cross section of a hail cloud


    Hermosa, South Dakota, June 2015

    Hermosa hailstone June 2015.jpg


    Below: These are also from South Dakota, along
    the edge of the Black Hills. These dented cars,
    broke windows, and ripped leaves from trees.
    These stones had concentric white layers with
    light blue centers.
    Remember, if you see a big, very dark cloud
    with green sections in it, take cover.

    Big hailstones from South Dakota 2013





    We hope you've enjoyed getting "hail-smart"!



    Hurricanes, Typhoons & Cyclones All about these extreme
    storms. Animated guides explain hurricanes, typhoons, and
    tornadoes, with lots more information to read.


    Kelvin-Helmholtz clouds

    Hover over the photo to learn more.



    Lenticular clouds over Mt. Rainier. Click on the photo to learn more.















    Lightning Who else but WGBH in Boston would have a great
    nine minute video about lightning, with links and teacher help, too?

    Lightning in ultra slow motion


    NOAA Tracks storms, hurricanes, typhoons, earthquakes
    - a huge site with many links. Track hurricanes by clicking
    on the NOAA Storm Tracker on the left of the page.
    The Storm Tracker has a popup with various maps and data.


    National Hurricane Center NOAA's central site for tracking
    hurricanes, typhoons, and tropical cyclones, worldwide
    . All three are types of huge, ocean-going wind storms.
    They have different names in different sections of the globe.
    The start page shows Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes.
    This site has many sections, and it also links to other
    weather sites. Use it properly and learn an awful lot
    about these big and dangerous storms.


    National Weather Service Enhanced Radar Image Loop
    National Mosaic
    Watch thunderstorms, blizzards, and other
    weather move across America in nearly real time! Click on
    any area that interests you to see a closer look at local weather.



    National Weather Service Safety Tips

    NWS has information about all sorts of disaster prep scenarios
    and how to respond to them, divided into 19 categories.

    Inspired by current local weather conditions, we present this expandible
    Wind Chill Chart!



    Natural Disasters
    "Animated guides to the world's most devastating phenomena."
    Five interactive gifs explain the basics of "how stuff works" with

  • Hurricanes - The destructive power of hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones
  • Tornadoes - How tornadoes form and the damage they can cause
  • Earthquakes - How and why the Earth moves - and different types of quake
  • Volcanoes - How they are formed and what happens during an eruption
  • Tsunamis - How earthquakes at sea can trigger devastating waves


    Kids will have a ball learning about weather with Owlie!
    Look at the page below, lots of choices and topics!


    Riding the Winds with Kalani - A Weather Adventure Weather for Primary Grades. This very colorful set of pages from U of I's Urban Extension covers the sun, seasons, temperature, types of clouds, and types of precipitation. Colorful, animated, and narrated, the site makes it easy for younger students to "get" these concepts.


    Science News for Students is for ages 10 and up. Very interesting and NOT dumbed-down sections on: Atoms and Forces, Earth and Sky, Humans and Health, Life, Tech and Math, and Extra. Factual articles cover subjects in depth (examples: Electronic Skin, Cars of the Future, Caecilians - the other amphibian, Anesthesia MRIs, the Little Ice Age, Seabird Math, No Frostbite for Dogs, Life Beyond Earth. Plenty of graphics to grab interest.


    Skypunch (hole in clouds) Skypunch More properly called a "fallstreak hole"

    This is only a natural meteorological phenomenon.
    This happens all over the world.

    Ice crystals form above the high-altitude cirro-cumulo-stratus clouds,
    then fall downward, punching a hole in the cloud cover.

    When some people see these, they think it's the end of the world.
    They have thinking that since prehistoric times.

    It is not a secret government conspiracy. It's just that some people are easily entertained and want to believe.



    Supercells are the most severe classification of thunderstorms. Even though it is the rarest of storm types, the supercell is the most dangerous because of the extreme weather generated.

    Colorado Supercell

    Credits: Science Is Awesome on Faceboook.
    Top photo: Ryan Shepard, Greeley, CO, or check him out on Facebook logo


    Lower photo: Jeremy Holmes Photography It's NOT a painting, it's a photo!

    Nebraska Supercell



    Credit: University of Illinois

    Supercell Storm


    Wikipedia has an excellent description, and
    beautiful, scary graphics.


    “A beast”: Shocking, enlightening supercell
    thunderstorm photos from Nebraska.

    These are pretty much definitive!

    A Supercell Thunderstorm Over Texas This is
    the famous Mike Olbinski video! It is scary. A
    great and valuable video record of one of these
    things in action.


    Here's a Mike Oblinski photo of an eerie green and
    purple storm with mammatus clouds.


    Jaw-dropping Photographs Capture the Sublime
    Power of Superstorms
    These photographs say it all
    (and have descriptions). If you live somewhere these
    monsters never pass through, be glad.
    From Robert T. Gonzalez on IO9.



    storm of June 16 2015 by Michaela Mader Thumb.jpg

    Storm of June 16, 2015 by Michaela Mader from
    the Black Hills FB page, which does photo contests
    of the area.
    Scary, stunning, beautiful, horrible, awesome, and
    awful. To really bring this monster home, click on
    this thumbnail to see a much larger copy!


    The Thermohaline Circulation - The Great Ocean Conveyor Belt, from NASA. Watch as the warm water of the Gulf Stream flows north to the Arctic. The warm water is the reason Europe is not frozen solid, like northern Canada. Watch as the water comes up to Greenland and Iceland; and then sink down and get colder, denser, and saltier. Then the now-cold current heads south along the ocean floor. After it flows around the world, it picks up heat, rises and then flows back north. This video explains it very simply and in 3D!

    Please give credit for this item to:
    NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio The Blue Marble Next Generation data is courtesy of Reto Stockli (NASA/GSFC) and NASA's Earth Observatory. The Blue Marble data is courtesy of Reto Stockli (NASA/GSFC).


    Time-Lapse: Mesmerizing "Stormscapes" Dominate Skies This 2:59 video of an extra-large and nasty supercell system was shot during the summer of 2013 in extreme eastern Wyoming. This was just off the western edge of the Black Hills, between Newcastle and Wright. "The menacing, magnificent storm clouds of Wyoming come to swirling life in this time-lapse, "Stormscapes," by photographer Nicolaus Wegner. He braved lightning and the erratic fury of supercell storms to capture these images in the summer of 2013." Video credits are at the end, please watch them.

    Problem Solving Activity: Volcanoes and Climate Change


    The Weather Channel Kids! Local forecasts, weather for trips, on your desktop, a Dictionary, a Glossary, a resource guide, teacher resources, weather games (in progress), more.


    Web Weather for Kids  Old and respected kids weather site covers clouds, blizzards, hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms with games, activities, lots of good information and many links to more "stuff."


    Weather Infographics from Weather Underground "Welcome to Weather Underground's infographics library. Browse these engaging infographics to discover the science behind weather in a simple and fun way." Sixteen engaging infographics explain phenomena like, "Why is the Sky Blue?", sundogs, volcano types, earthquakes, rainbows, hurricanes, floods, droughts, monsoons, and more.


    Weather Questions This page answers your weather questions! It's in alphabetical order, and answers everything from "What are Aerosols?" to "What is Wind Shear?" Easy to read and accurate answers.


    Weather Wiz Kids  A site from a working television meteorologist. "I designed this website especially for kids to allow them to learn more about the fascinating world of weather. It’s also a wonderful educational website for teachers and parents that gives them the right tools they need to explain the different types of weather to children. " Huge menu on the left side of the home page has tons of weather and geology-related links.


    Wind Chill Calculator from NWS. Enter a temperature
    in degrees C or F. Enter the wind speed in mph,
    kph, knots, or meters/second. Click Convert and you're
    done. Results are given in Fahrenheit, Celsius, and
    in Watts per meter squared. The site also has the
    formula used to do the conversion, with tips on what
    to change to get more exotic results.

    Wind Chill Chart to check your work or for quick
    reference. There is a box to right of the chart that
    lists other winter weather resources.


    wind maps gallery wind map "An invisible, ancient source of
    energy surrounds us—energy that powered
    the first explorations of the world, and that
    may be a key to the future. This map shows
    you the delicate tracery of wind flowing over the US."
    Fantastic art accurately reflects current winds!




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